Sulla Via del Catai - Nr. 20, Aprile 2019
LA GRANDE GUERRA
La Cina, l'Italia: analisi e interpretazioni
Sfoglia le prime pagine
CASALIN, Federica - Sapienza Università di Roma
LA GUERRA, L’ITALIA E LA CINA:
UN PERCORSO TRA STORIA, DIPLOMAZIA, LETTERATURA E FILOSOFIA pag. 9
The war, Italy and China: a journey through history, diplomacy, literature and philosophy
SAMARANI, Guido - Università Ca' Foscari Venezia
GUERRA MONDIALE O GUERRA EUROPEA?
IL COINVOLGIMENTO DELLA CINA NEL PRIMO CONFLITTO MONDIALE pag. 15
World War or European War? China's involvement in the First World War.
Abstract The Great War coincided with a period of tremendous changes in China. Within this general context, China’s motivation to enter the war – and to send Chinese workers to Europe - was clearly based in the sense of what we can define as a “national and global crisis” in front of the new international challenges. China recognized the dangers of becoming involved in the war, but at the same time part of Chinese elites argued that the “European war” presented compelling opportunities.
MIRANDA, Marina - Sapienza Università di Roma
LA GRANDE GUERRA E IL SUO IMPATTO SULLA CINA DEGLI ANNI VENTI:
PROSPETTIVE STORIOGRAFICHE E IMPLICAZIONI POLITICHE pag. 27
The Great War and its impact on China in the 1920s:historiographic perspectives and political implications
Abstract The introductory section of this essay offers an assessment of the conferences and seminars held for the First World War centenary in China, stressing the nationalistic elements of these celebrations. Then, the investigation focuses on the innovative contribution provided by the studies of the well-known scholar from Hong Kong University, Xu Guoqi. His analysis had great influence on the works of other historians from the People’s Republic, giving rise to new historiographical perspectives, which bear interesting political implications for related researches on Chinese history of the Twenties.
FERRETTI, Valdo - Sapienza Università di Roma
DALLE “VENTUNO RICHIESTE” ALLA PACE DI VERSAILLES:
UNA PARENTESI NELLA POLITICA GIAPPONESE IN CINA? pag. 41
From the "Twenty-one demands" to the peace of Versailles: a parenthesis in Japanese politics.
Abstract The so-called “21 demands” of 1915 marked a milestone in the development of the Chinese perception of Japan and represent a controversial topic in historiography. Three streams of research have roughly speaking touched upon its international significance, by emphasizing its role as an anticipation of the Japanese aggression of China in the 1930s or by interpreting it as a chapter of classical “diplomacy of imperialism”. This paper discusses some recent views on the same issue.
VAGNINI, Alessandro - Sapienza Università di Roma
LA VISIONE ITALIANA DELLA CINA DURANTE IL CONFLITTO: I DOCUMENTI DIPLOMATICI ITALIANI pag. 55
The Italian vision of China during the conflict: Italian diplomatic documents
Abstract China’s role during the First World War may seem at first glance marginal, despite the consequences of the war on the fate of this Asian country and the contrasting ambitions of the Great Powers represent a very important element for the subsequent history of the Far East. As far as Italy is concerned, the interest in China has remained, after all, limited in the years that preceded the outbreak of WW1. This fact, however, did not exclude concrete attention to China. This paper intends to briefly analyze the Italian perspective on China during the Great War, in order to clearly place China in the overall picture of Italian politics of those years.
CASALIN, Federica - Sapienza Università di Roma
LA PRIMA GUERRA MONDIALE NELLA STAMPA PERIODICA CINESE:
IL DIBATTITO IN CINA, LE SCELTE DELL’ITALIA pag. 71
World War I in the Chinese periodical press: the debate in China, Italy's choices.
Abstract Based on digital archives of Chinese periodicals, this paper first provides a quantitative analysis of the debate about the First World War in China during the conflict, thus demonstrating the lexical tendency to cast the conflict in a remote area like Europe. Then, after summarizing some opinions on the war expressed in the monthly Dongfang zazhi (Eastern Miscellany), this paper ex- amines the rhetorical strategies deployed by Zhang Junmai (1887-1969) in an article fully dedicated to Italy’s situation in the system of alliances and its shift from neutrality to active participation.
VINCI, Renata - Università degli Studi di Roma Tre
LO OUZHAN SHIBAO 歐戰實報 (1915-1918): LEGAMI TRA STAMPA CINESE
E VOCI ESTERE TRA LE PAGINE DELLA CRONACA DI GUERRA pag. 93
Lo Ouzhan shibao 歐戰 實 報 (1915-1918): links between the Chinese press
and foreign voices on the war reports
Abstract The Shanghai weekly magazine Ouzhan shibao was the longest-running and most successful Chinese war magazine reporting the latest circumstances of First World War. Its rich repertoire of war reports and battlefield photographs provided the Chinese readership with vivid and exhaustive accounts, but being a French ruled magazine it did not conceal its bias toward the Allied powers and against Germany. In this perspective, Chinese interests were discussed as part of a global strategy, but never defended per se, as demonstrated by the positive depiction of Japan, an Allied country but still a fierce antagonist of Chinese sovereignty..
TIMON, Gatta - Sapienza Università di Roma
CAI YUANPEI (1868-1940) E L’INTERPRETAZIONE DELLE RADICI FILOSOFICHE DELLA GRANDE GUERRA pag. 105
Cai Yuanpei (1868-1940) and the interpretation of the philosophical roots of the Great War
Abstract In 1918 the Chinese scholar Cai Yuanpei published a series of essays regarding the Great War. In one of such essays Cai describes political and military actions taken by the main participants in the war as proof of influence or validity of three different philosophical theories: Nietzsche’s philosophy of power, Tolstoj’s Non-resistance and Kropotkin’s mutual aid, despite their explicit anarchic features. This paper analyses the essay step by step and tries to shed some light on the possible reasons for Cai’s interpretation
BREZZI, Alessandra - Sapienza Università di Roma
MAO DUN (1896-1981) E LA LETTERATURA ITALIANA DEL PRIMO DOPOGUERRA pag. 129
Mao Dun (1896-1981) and the Italian literature of the first post-war period
Abstract Through a critical analysis of some articles in the column “New literary and artistic tendencies in the post-WWI period” written by Mao Dun and published in the Fiction Monthly (Xiaoshuo yuebao), this paper aims to examine the new editorial policy that Mao Dun tried to impress on the periodical to spread and encourage the creation of a “New Literature”. In the following pages some articles written by Mao Dun in 1922, dedicated to Italian literature after the First World War, will be analysed.
BRIGADOI COLOGNA, Daniele - Università degli Studi dell’Insubria
LA GRANDE GUERRA E LE ORIGINI DELLA MIGRAZIONE DAL ZHEJIANG ALL’EUROPA pag. 137
The Great War and the origins of migration from Zhejiang to Europe
Abstract In much of the relevant literature on the Chinese diaspora in Europe, the onset of migration from the Qingtian/Wenzhou area in Zhejiang province has been linked to the recruitment of the Chinese Labour Corps in 1917. Yet there appears to be rather weak evidence for this link, while my own research suggests that the onset of long-term migration from Zhejiang to Europe coincides with the arrival from China to Germany, France, Spain and Italy of Chinese peddlers of fake pearls in the mid-1920s.